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Forskningsprojekt inom socialantropologi

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Europa och Nordamerika






The circular customer

The aim of this collaborative and applied project is to improve conditions for achieving a circular economy by assisting the public sector in Sweden to find opportunities and tools to achieve circular flows for the products and services they use.
Through the example of office furniture, the project identifies and develops possibilities for public customers to take an active role in the transition towards increased circularity. In this initial feasibility study a framework for customers to analyse their prospects of becoming more circular is developed and tested. The framework supports the identification of structural barriers, opportunities, needs for competence and transformation regarding different ways of organising ownership of furniture. Taking a holistic approach to the customer's situation this framework provides the customer with principles for maintaining the value of furniture throughout the whole chain including procurement, use and disposal.
By studying a specific example such as furniture through case studies in several public organizations, the aim is to learn about informal and formal factors that can affect the ability to act as a circular customer.

By: Staffan Appelgren and Anna Bohlin

Crossing therapeutic borders: Sickness and Healing in the Somali Diaspora

This project explores health, illness and healing among Somalis in Sweden. The study examines the view on health and illness and the forms of healing that are used today, such as reading of the Koran, exorcism and various physical therapies. Three areas are studied, based on the Somali-Swedes ideas about illness, health and healing: therapeutic cooperation between non-Western healers and biomedical personnel, the islamization process, as well as transnational networks.

By: Johan Wedel

Living with stereotypes in Swedish suburbia

This dissertation project explores how young men coming of ages in Swedish suburbia (i.e. territorially stigmatized and poor areas in the outskirts of cities, in Swedish usually referred to as Miljonprogram areas) develop conscious, as well as unconscious, strategies of resisting, subverting, negotiating and living with the stigmas that they are subjected to on a daily basis due to their background, appearance, and area of living. Through a close up ethnography these you men’s everyday life is described; their experiences of racialization, discrimination, poverty, and undue interference by the police, as well as their own individual and common reactions to these, to be analyzed in relation to effects on self-image, possible roles to take on in the society, as well as thoughts and plans for their own future.
The study aims to problematize, and hence also move beyond, the within this area of research ruling paradigm of social exclusion as a tool for understanding the life of young people in Swedish suburbia (as well as in other similar contexts in Western Europe and the U.S.) by placing focus on concepts less stigmatizing and of more direct relevance to these young person’s everyday life, such as stigmatization, discrimination and class - which does not entail a one-sided, and problematizing, focus on these areas and its inhabitants, but more so concerns the relations between these areas and the majority population.

By: Cecilia Ekström

Re:heritage Circulation and Marketization of Things with History

Flows of material culture, such as furniture, clothes, things, are a central feature of contemporary society. Recently, the circulation of many such goods has emerged as an attractive and necessary alternative to linear modes of usage. Reuse, redesign and recycling are all approaches that connect the aging with new contexts, areas of use and values. Today things are marketed as having a heritage value in a range of contexts, from flea markets, second hand- and retro shops to exclusive boutiques or internet-based barter. Re:heritage is a research project which focuses on the circulation of material culture on the second hand market from a heritage perspective, seeing circulation as a generative force that tie things, people and places together. Case studies within the project focus on Sweden and the United Kingdom. Also read about Re:heritage.

By: Staffan Appelgren and Anna Bohlin

Rebuilding House and Home: Economic resources and family strategies during post-war reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The series of wars marking the disintegration of Yugoslavia reached Bosnia in 1992, resulting in 250,000 of the pre-war population of 4.4 million killed or missing, over a million refugees, and half of the nation’s homes severely damaged or destroyed as well as nearly all the productive infrastructure. The project examines the social and economic strategies that people used after the war as they rebuilt their homes or relocated, and the various resources they used to accomplish reconstruction, focusing on four elements: economic resources, social and ethnic considerations, legal and policy issues, and the cultural meanings of place and home. Data has been collected through observation and open-ended, in-depth interviews in two research sites. The results of the research will be valuable because conflicts destroy homes and create refugees throughout the world, and most of then reconstruct and rebuild their lives primarily through their own efforts. By learning more about how home reconstruction was undertaken by families in Bosnia, it may be possible to design policies that make it easier for families to rebuild after destructive conflicts.

Caption: A man working with the reconstrucion of his house.

By: Monica Lindh de Montoya

Bridges and Brokers

Bridges and Brokers encompass research that explore the roles in a post-war society (Bosnia-Herzegovina) of diaspora members as transnational entrepreneurs. It forms part of two larger projects, Precarious Peacebuilding and The New Developers? Circular migrants in policy and practice. The first subproject has particular focus on the dynamic effect that such ventures may have in local areas of war-torn ethnic relations, not only in terms of promoting employment where such opportunities are scarce, but also in novel ways of organizing work and staff that promote ethnic relations. The second subproject investigates more closely the strategies of transnationally organized returnee entrepreneurs, given the particular opportunities and constraints of operating in different contexts, specifically given the challenges of post-war Bosnia. Interviews with heads of small companies, and observations on site, explore the innovative ideas on which these ventures are built and how they work in a transnational social and cultural field. The story of each enterprise is charted both as a personally motivated project of the initiator as a former refugee and now a citizen of both Sweden and Bosnia, but also in his/her role as a broker between different repertoires of cultural knowledge. In a continuous circular movement, and through frictions of varying kinds, such knowledge from one context is creatively translated and promoted into the other.

Caption: Old Bridge (Stari most) in Mostar, Herzegovina, August 2006

By: Marita Eastmond

Pivoting Sihanaka Spirituality

Spirits of various kinds inform life among the Sihanaka of Madagascar; ancestors, dead kings, apparitions, and spirits of the wild influence everyday life through taboos, dream visions, possession rituals, etcetera. Through ethnographic fieldwork, experimental methods, and archival research I investigate how spirituality in the Sihanaka village of Anororo grows and alters over time. Moreover, I am developing a new method called 'pivotation' to probe into how the Sihanaka experience spirits, how they relate to them, and how they conceive of them. In short, the method is about using read aloud stories as narrative pivots to bring about discussions among Sihanaka informants about the doings, capabilities, and intentions of spirits.

By: Anders Norge Lauridsen
Photo caption: Possessed seer during the Feraomby ritual, November 2018.

Understanding HIV/AIDS Prevention among urban poor in Maputo City, Mozambique

The estimated prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique is among the highest in the world. Despite the fact that governmental and non-governmental institutions effort to inform people on HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, the disease is increasing.
The aim of this study is to examine local ideas about prevention and the socio-cultural practices that people confront to prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and HIV/AIDS. Research questions include how people believe that they get HIV/AIDS, how they prevent themselves against the affliction and how they understand HIV/AIDS campaigns. The research method is anthropological based on participant observation, informal conversation and focus groups.

Caption: On the right is written in Changana, one of the local languages in southern Mozambique, mind your own business.

By: Margarida do Rosário Domingos Paulo

Portuguese migrants in Mozambique: Postcolonialism, emotions and exchange of knowledge

In recent years, many Portuguese have migrated to the former colony of Mozambique. This project analyses this case of North-South postcolonial migration and its potential effects for development. The overall aim is to explore the exchange of knowledge, skills and experiences between Portuguese and Mozambicans who work together, and inquire into how emotions shaped by the postcolonial encounter influence this exchange. By focusing on a two-way transfer of knowledge, the project considers both capacity development among Mozambicans and integration processes among the Portuguese. The project will be carried out 2018-2021 by a multi-disciplinary Swedish-Mozambica team. The main method of data collection will be semi-structured interviews carried out with Portuguese migrants and Mozambicans working together with these migrants. The project aim to deliver the following new perspectives and data: a) an exploration of North-South labour migration, which is emerging and under-studied migratory trend, b) a novel analysis of the development potential of North-South migration, with a special emphasis on exchange of knowledge, c) a new approach to integration processes d) a postcolonial reading based on concrete empirical data, which some critics argue is lacking in postcolonial studies, e) qualitative data on the recent Portuguese migration to Mozambique.

By: Lisa Åkesson

Moving South: the new Portuguese Migration to Angola

Over the last few years, Angolan capital has entered the Portuguese business sector in outstanding (and very mediatized) ventures. Meanwhile, the country´s abundant natural resources, roaring economic growth rates, and urge at post-war reconstruction have attracted a significant number of Portuguese labour migrants. By incorporating the problematic of post-colonial identities into the field of migration studies, my research project aims at understanding this new migration flow against a background of intricate historical and contemporary entanglements concerning the two countries.

By: Carolina Valente Cardoso

Indigenous People and Climate Change – conflicting epistemologies in Latin America

The project investigates different understandings among indigenous people in Latin America of those atmospheric phenomena that in English are referred to as “weather” and how they relate to a) national policies of climate change mitigation and/or b) alliances and cooperation with NGOs. The project consists of three subjects with different regional focus: one subproject, carried out by Stefan Permanto, is located to the Q’eqchi’ Maya people on the Guatemalan Atlantic Coast; another project carried out by Vanesa Martín Galán is located to Tupi-Guaraní people of the Bolivian dry forest (Chaco); and the third, carried out by Dan Rosengren, is located to Matsigenka people of the Peruvian high jungle.

Caption: A rainbow over the Upper Urubamba, Peru.

By: Dan Rosengren

Indigenous People and Climate Change

The project investigates the contact and cooperation between on the one hand indigenous people and their organisations and, on the other, governmental agencies and NGOs in the Andes. The project departs from two key notions: “the middle ground” and “cosmopolitics”. The project consists of three subprojects of which two are located to the dry and temperate highlands – one in an urban quechua-speaking setting, carried out by Karsten Paerregaard, and the other in a rural aymara-speaking environment, carried out by Anders Burman – and the third subproject is located to the humid and tropical eastern slopes of the Andes among Matsigenka people.

Caption: Puerta del Sol (Inti Punku), Tiahuanaco, Bolivia.

By: Dan Rosengren

Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change: The Cosmopolitics of Mountain Offerings in the Peruvian Andes

The project departs from the growing concern for environmental issues among Andean movements that forge alliances with other actors in Peru. It studies how the movements organize offering rituals that address cosmological conditions related to water supply and the melting glaciers and how they transform these activities into a regional political discourse with the help of their allies. Moreover, it explores how the rituals associate climate change with Andean culture and thus create a new form of cosmopolitics that not only questions the dominating political order but also establishes new platforms to articulate claims to water and political concerns for the environment in Peru.

Caption: Peruvians making offering to the mountain.

By: Karsten Paerregaard

New Forms of Water Cooperation: Negotiating Water Values and Water Rights in Peru’s Highlands

Due to climate change the planet’s fresh water supplies are disappearing in an alarming speed. Improving water management and achieving water equity among poor population groups are therefore questions of critical importance for developing countries. Peru is a case in point to understand this challenge. This project aims to investigate how the country’s new water law is implemented in three settings in the country’s highlands and to explore how it facilitates new forms of cooperation between the main stakeholders in Andean water management. To study this cooperation ethnographically the project examines how water users, water authorities and water engineers try to achieve water equity by using the institutional framework the law provides to negotiate existing water values and improve water management.

Caption: Peruvian woman irrigates her field.

By: Karsten Paerregaard

Navigators of the "in-betweeen": Brokers manouvring il/legal terrains of gendered labour migration control between Nepal and the Gulf countries

The overall purpose of this project is to explore the state's restrictive gendered labour migration control, and how the actors in the infrastructure of migration handle and challenge these restrictions while navigating the labour recruitment process in sending and receiving countries. Nepal is used as the main case study for this project due to an extensive labour migration to the Gulf countries. The remittances sent back consist of 30% of the GDP (the second highest in the world), which makes the Nepali government strongly dependent on its citizen’s labour migration. Nevertheless, since the 1990s until today Nepal has regulations and bans on women’s labour migration imposed by the government that have forced women to migrate illegally. Due to regulations and the bureaucratic process involved in labour migration a large amount of private commercial actors, recruitment agencies, agents and more informal brokers, have been established facilitating migrants’ mobility. The project focuses on the brokers’ understandings of the governments gendered out migration policies and how these policies interplay with the brokers interactions and everyday practises in the gendered recruitment process, and what consequences these restrictions have for women’s and men’s il/legal migration. The project will contribute with empirical and theoretical knowledge about the processes connecting the protective but restrictive gendered migration control and the gendered labour recruitment process.

By: Susanne Åsman

Coping with recurrent emergencies: The self-organization of civil society in Jakarta during flooding

The project analyses ways in which civil society organises itself in times of hazards and how it interacts with city administration and NGO’s. In Jakarta flooding is a recurrent crisis which politicians as well as civil society and market forces have to deal with every year. This makes it a prime case study of global as well as local forces at play during times of crises and in urban risk management. The project studies how city government and citizens in flooded areas in Jakarta act to encounter risks induced by recurrent floods. What strategies and actions do they formulate to confront these challenges?

By: Jörgen Hellman together with Marie Thynell

Islam and local traditions in tense relationships: the role of ancestors in shaping the political future of Indonesia

Indonesia is today going through a turbulent time of political transition. Although existing in a tense relationship with two of the most influential political forces in Indonesia – Islam and democracy movements - tradition (adat) has become an influential idiom in building new constituencies. The proposed project asks questions about why and how this movement has taken on such popularity. Previous research has explained the revival of traditions as a consequence of political and historical circumstances. The relevance of the proposed project lies in the ambition of moving beyond these explanations and into the world view where it becomes logical and rational to turn to ancestors as a way of strengthening political projects and to gain help in crisis. To reach into the nature of these orders, ritual practices of trance and possessions will be used as a methodological point of departure. Interviews with mediums and participants as well as ancestors will be conducted. The interviews will be complemented with participant observation, building on long standing networks of informants in the region.

By: Jörgen Hellman

Sidansvarig: Proprefekt|Sidan uppdaterades: 2019-03-22

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